What kind of animal is the snow leopard? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is the snow leopard? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. The snow leopard, which has adapted to various environments and is distributed over a wide area, is actually only found in Asia. It is found mainly in Central Asia, including India, and in South Asia. It is also found in Russia, where Lake Baikal is located, and China.

What is a snow leopard? Basic stats

Snow leopards are carnivores classified in the Felidae family of the Mammalia order, Carnivora, and Panthera genus. Their English name is Snow Leopard, their scientific name is Uncia uncia or Panthera uncia, and their kanji is 雪虹. Their body length is 100-140cm, and their weight is 20-50kg. A list of information is below.

English(英名)Snow Leopard
scientific name(学名)Uncia uncia 
Panthera uncia
classification(分類)Mammalia、Carnivora、 Felidae、Panthera


Snow leopards are found in Nepal, India, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, etc.

What are their characteristics? What kind of creature are they?

Snow leopards have pale gray, yellowish gray, or even slightly bluish gray fur, and a white belly. Their ears are small and their eyes are located at the top, making it easy for them to search for prey while hiding in the shade of rocks. They live in rocky areas, grasslands, and low-growing coniferous forests at altitudes of 600 to 6,000 meters. They tend to move to higher altitudes in summer and lower altitudes in winter. The soles of their feet are covered with fur to protect them from the cold.

What is their personality like?

Snow leopards are nocturnal and rest in their nests during the day. They are not very social and tend to act alone.

What is their ecology?

Snow leopards are carnivores and live by preying on rodents, birds, etc. The breeding season is from December to March, and males and females act together. The gestation period is about three months, and they can give birth to 1-3 cubs at a time. They start eating solid food at two months old and then breastfeed for three months. They live for over 10 years, with some even reaching 20 years.

Do they have any natural enemies?

The biggest threat to snow leopards is humans. Because they are so large in the wild, they can be attacked.

Is the snow leopard an endangered species?

The snow leopard is an endangered species. It is listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), so international trade is strictly restricted. Overhunting is progressing because their fur is used and their bones are used for medicine. Snow leopards are also exterminated as pests because they attack and eat livestock. As of 2015, there are only 3,000 remaining, which is a critical situation. As a result, a conservation project has been launched.

Can snow leopards be kept as pets?

As mentioned above, snow leopards are designated as endangered species and are listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), so international trade is strictly restricted. Therefore, it is extremely difficult to keep them as pets. Let’s look at the zoo’s official site map and enjoy the zoo’s zoo.


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