What kind of animal is the pig-tailed macaque? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is a pig-tailed macaque? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. It is also called palm monkey or coconut monkey. Pig-tailed macaques are considered to be different species in the north and south, but in fact, this monkey is designated as an endangered species. It is in a very critical situation.

What is Pigtailed Monkey? Basic Stats

The pig-tailed macaque is a monkey classified in the mammalian order Primates, family Cercopithecidae, genus Macaca. Its English name is Pig-tailed Macaque, and its scientific name is Macaca nemestrina. Its body length is 30-60cm, and its weight is 5-15kg. The list of information is as follows.

English(英名)Andean bear
Spectacled bear
scientific name(学名)Macaca nemestrina
classification(分類)Mammalia、Primates、 Cercopithecidae、Macaca


Pig-tailed macaques are classified into southern pig-tailed macaques and northern pig-tailed macaques. Southern pig-tailed macaques are found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, etc.


Pig-tailed macaques are found in Southeast Asia.

What are their characteristics? What kind of creature are they?

Pig-tailed macaques are about the same size as Japanese macaques. Their limbs are relatively long, with five fingers and claws on each. They have protruding eyebrows above their eyes, and cheek pouches where they can store food. Their fur is brown or reddish brown, with short, dark hairs that curl up on the top of their head. Pig-tailed macaques prefer to live in tropical rainforests and swamps up to 2000m above sea level.

What is their personality like?

Pig-tailed macaques are active during the day and usually live in groups of about 10 to 40 individuals, so they are very cooperative animals, and sometimes even larger groups can be seen. They do not claim territory, so they do not fight with other groups.

What is their ecology?

Pig-tailed macaques are omnivorous, and live on fruit, leaves, buds, mushrooms, and insects. They breed throughout the year, and there is no set breeding season. The gestation period is 150 days, and they can give birth to one baby at a time. Their lifespan is 20 to 25 years.

Do they have any natural enemies?

The natural enemies of pig-tailed macaques are tigers, leopards, clouded leopards, and pythons.

Are pig-tailed macaques an endangered species?

Pig-tailed macaques are an endangered species. Their habitat is being destroyed by deforestation and development. They are legally protected in their habitat, and protected areas have been established and activities are underway.

Can pig-tailed macaques be kept as pets?

As mentioned above, pig-tailed macaques are designated as an endangered species and are also listed in the Washington Convention, so international trade is strictly restricted. For this reason, it is extremely difficult to keep them as pets.


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