What kind of bird (animal) is the sarus crane? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of bird (animal) is the sarus crane? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. It is the largest species of the crane family and is a very large bird. This bird is widely distributed from India to Southeast Asia and even Australia, but it is also an endangered species.

What is a sarus crane? About basic status

The sarus crane is a bird classified in the family Crane, family Crane, and genus Crane. Its kanji name is Ōtsuru, and its scientific name is Grus antigone. The list of information is as follows.

English(英名)Sarus crane
scientific name(学名)Grus antigone
classification(分類)Ave、 Gruiformes、Gruidae、Grus

About classification

The following subspecies of Sarus crane exist:

  • Grus antigone antigone (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Grus antigone sharpei (Blanford, 1895)
  • Grus antigone gilliae (Schodde, 1988)
  • Grus antigone luzonica (Hachisuka, 1941)

About habitat

Sarus cranes are distributed in India, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Australia.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

The sarus crane is the largest species of the crane family, and its entire body is covered with pale gray feathers. The top of the head and the tips of the eyes are grey-green, and the skin from the head to the top of the neck is exposed and red. It is a resident bird that settles from Southeast Asia to South Asia and Australia. The neck is covered with white feathers in the shape of a collar, and it lives in grasslands, wetlands, rivers, and farmland.

What does the ecology look like?

Sarus cranes are omnivores with a strong tendency to eat animals. This bird lives in large wetlands, lakes, and wetlands, and nests in the wetlands during the rainy season when it breeds. In India, two eggs are laid between July and October. The male and female take turns incubating the eggs. The incubation period is 1 month. The lifespan of the sarus crane is not clearly known.

Are there any natural enemies?

Sarus cranes have no natural enemies.

Is the sarus crane an endangered species?

Sarus cranes are listed in Appendix II of CITES, and international trade is restricted. It is also designated as an endangered species. A 2009 survey estimated the population at 15,000 to 20,000 birds. Habitat destruction, hunting and gathering are major threats to this bird, and it is a bird that requires urgent conservation efforts. The Philippine population became extinct in the late 1960s.

Can sarus cranes be kept as pets?

As mentioned above, sarus cranes are designated as an endangered species, so keeping them in captivity is extremely difficult.


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