What kind of animal is the cotton-top tamarin? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is the cotton-top tamarin? This page provides information about its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. It is found in tropical forests in northwestern Colombia, but since it can only be seen in this area, many people do not know about it. This animal is designated as an endangered species.

What is Cotton-Top Tamarin? Basic Stats

Cotton-top tamarins are monkeys classified in the genus Saguinus, family Capuchin monkeys, order Primates. Their English name is Cotton-head tamarin, and their scientific name is Saguinus oedipus. They are also known as cotton-top panchés. They are 20–30 cm long and weigh 0.4–0.6 kg. The list of information is as follows:

English(英名)Cotton-head tamarin
Cotton-top pinché
Cotton-top tamarin
scientific name(学名)Saguinus oedipus
classification(分類)Mammalia、Primate、 Cebidae、Saguinus 


The cotton-top tamarin is endemic to Colombia.

What are its characteristics? What kind of creature is it?

Cotton-top tamarins are small monkeys with tails longer than their bodies. Their faces are black, with white fur from the eyes to the nose and around the mouth. Their backs and tails are brown or dark brown, their chests, abdomens and front legs are white, and they have white tufts on the top of their heads and extend from their necks to their backs. They are diurnal animals and live in tropical and secondary forests. They live in trees and sometimes come down to the ground. They are active and can move swiftly from branch to branch.

What is their personality like?

Cotton-top tamarins form groups centered around a family consisting of a male and female and their children, making them very social animals.

What is their ecology like?

Cotton-top tamarins are omnivorous and can eat fruits, young leaves, sap, etc. They reproduce viviparously. They are monogamous and give birth to two young at a time, twice a year, after a gestation period of about six months. Females reach sexual maturity at one and a half years, and males at about two years, and have a lifespan of about 15 years.

Do they have any natural predators?

Natural predators of the cotton-top tamarin include jaguars and ocelots.

Is the cotton-top tamarin an endangered species?

The cotton-top tamarin is an endangered species. When the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora came into force in 1975, it was listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, and international trade is strictly restricted. The species’ habitat has been destroyed by deforestation and development, and it is also eaten by humans, so it is being overfished. The current population is said to be around 1,000.

Can the cotton-top tamarin be kept as a pet?

As mentioned above, the cotton-top tamarin is designated as an endangered species and is also listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, so international trade is strictly restricted. Therefore, it is extremely difficult to keep it as a pet.


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