What kind of animal is the Tasmanian devil? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat Endangered species?


What kind of animal is the Tasmanian devil? We will explain their characteristics, sounds, lifespan, ecology, and habitat. It is said to be the world’s largest marsupial carnivore, and is said to have been given the name “devil” by European settlers who feared it because its growling sound sounded like a devil’s roar. .

What is a Tasmanian devil? About basic status

The Tasmanian devil is a marsupial, classified in the class Mammalia, order Quollidae, family Quollidae, genus Tasmanian devil. The body length is 50-60 cm and the weight is said to be 10-12 kg. The scientific name is Sarcophilus harrisii. The name “devil” is said to have been given by European settlers who were afraid of the devil’s roaring sound, which sounded like a devil’s roar.

English(英名)Tasmanian Devils
scientific name(学名)Sarcophilus harrisii
classification(分類)Mammalia、 Dasyuromorphia、Dasyurinae、Sarcophilus 
Length(体長)50-60 cm

About classification

The genus name Sarcophilus comes from the Greek sarx, which means “meat,” and philus, which means “to love.” In an 1807 paper, it was classified as a member of the opossum genus and named Didelphis ursina. In 1987, he changed the species to Sarcophilus laniarius.

About the habitat of the Tasmanian devil

Tasmanian devils were once found throughout Australia, but can now only be found in Tasmania. Nowhere outside Tasmania.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Tasmanian devils have two sharp fangs that grow throughout their lives. It is the largest living carnivorous marsupial and is covered in black (or dark brown) fur. They have sharp claws on their limbs that they use for digging. When young, they are light and agile, able to climb shrubs. This animal has a very distinctive sound and is said to be very scary.

What is your personality like?

Tasmanian devils have a rough temper even among wild animals, and individuals fight with each other over food. Fighting and some injuries are common in Tasmanian devils, so they are not suitable as pets. Their cry is very distinctive and can be threatening.

What is the ecology of the Tasmanian devil?

The Tasmanian devil is a carnivore, eating creatures up to the size of a small kangaroo. Breeding begins in March, when females accumulate fat around their necks and begin building nests. Males fight over females. The gestation period is about 3 weeks, and 20-40 babies can be born at a time, but there are only 4 nipples in the pouch, so only a few survive. The lifespan is about 5 years.

What is the natural enemy of the Tasmanian devil?

The Tasmanian devil’s natural enemy is the dingo.

Is the Tasmanian devil an endangered species?

The Tasmanian devil is an endangered species. Tasmanian devils became extinct on mainland Australia 400 years ago due to their natural enemy, the dingo. Most of its habitat on Tasmania is farmland and pasture, and it is at risk of extinction. The population has declined by 60% over the past 10 years, due to the following reasons: According to domestic information, wild conservation efforts and programs have begun.

get hit by a car

The most common occurrence is being run over by a car. Tasmanian devils are frequently seen sitting on roads, and there have been many incidents where passing cars run over them without noticing. Especially at night, their black fur is a problem and they often go unnoticed.

Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD)

Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) is a contagious disease that only affects Tasmanian devils. It has a huge impact on your health, and if you get infected, you are 100% sure to die. The situation is quite severe as Tasmanian devils are infected by biting each other’s faces when competing for food, as they are sure to die.

Can Tasmanian devils be kept in captivity?

The Tasmanian devil is listed as an endangered species. Therefore, it is difficult to breed them. Furthermore, due to their ferocious nature, they are difficult for ordinary people to handle.


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