What is the Arabian Oryx? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is the Arabian Oryx? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. As you can probably imagine from the name Arabian Oryx, it is an animal that can be found in desert areas and dry plains from the Middle East to the Arabian Peninsula. They are also designated as an endangered species.

What is Arabian Oryx? Basic Stats

The Arabian oryx is a mammalian animal classified as an even-toed ungulate in the Bovidae family of the order Artiodactyla. Its scientific name is Oryx leucoryx, and its English name is Arabian oryx. Its body length is 160-180cm, its weight is 65-90kg, and its height is 80-100cm. The list of information is as follows.

English(英名)Arabian oryx
scientific name(学名)Oryx leucoryx
classification(分類)Mammalia、Artiodactyl、 Bovidae、Oryx


The Arabian oryx is found throughout the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula.

What are its characteristics? What kind of creature is it?

The Arabian oryx is white or grayish white, with dark brown tips on its limbs. Both males and females have horns, which are 70-100 cm long. It is said that the Arabian oryx is the model for the unicorn because of its horns. Its ears are narrow. The Arabian oryx prefers desert areas and lives in harsh conditions, so it is calm and does not waste energy. During the day, it digs a shallow depression under a tree to rest.

What is its personality like?

The Arabian oryx is very gentle because it lives in a very harsh environment. It does not form very large groups, and lives in groups of around 10, so it is very cooperative.

What is its ecology like?

The Arabian oryx can eat grass, tree buds, underground stems, roots, fruits, etc. It reproduces viviparously. From spring to summer, it forms a harem consisting of one male and a dozen females. Males will butt their horns and fight over females. The gestation period is 240 days, and they can give birth to one baby at a time. The lactation period is four months, and the lifespan is about 20 years.

Do they have any natural enemies?

The natural enemies of the Arabian oryx are leopards and wolves.

Is the Arabian Oryx an endangered species?

The Arabian Oryx is designated as an endangered species. This is entirely due to humans, and the biggest problem is not only overhunting for their horns and fur, but also the destruction of their habitat, which has led to a rapid decline in the number of individuals that can live. The current population is said to be only 1,000, and conservation policies are being implemented in Arab countries.

Can you keep an Arabian Oryx as a pet?

The Dhole (red wolf) is designated as an endangered species and is listed in the Washington Convention, and international trade is restricted, making it extremely difficult for ordinary people to keep it as a pet. Take one to a zoo or somewhere similar.


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