What kind of bird is the Siberian Crane? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of bird is the Siberian Crane? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. As you can tell from the English name, this bird is distributed in Russia and other places, and its habitat extends as far as India. However, it is a bird designated as an endangered species.

What is a Siberian Crane? Basic Stats

The Siberian crane is a bird classified in the Gruidae family, Grus genus, and Grus order. Its English name is Siberian crane, and its scientific name is Grus leucogeranus. Its body length is about 140cm, its weight is 4-5kg, and its wingspan is 230cm. The list of information is as follows.

English(英名)Siberian crane
scientific name(学名)Grus leucogeranus
classification(分類)Aves、 Gruiformes、 Gruidae、Grus


Siberian Cranes are found in Afghanistan, Iran, India, China, Pakistan, and Russia. They often hibernate in the winter, so they are often at the top of social news content. You can see photos and videos of them on internet pages.

What are its characteristics? What kind of creature is it?

The Siberian Crane has no feathers on its face, red skin, and white plumage. Its iris is yellow or pale yellow, and its beak is thick and long. The Siberian Crane is a migratory bird that breeds in Russia and Siberia, and migrates to southern China and India in winter. It lives in shallow marshes, reed fields, and the shores of lakes with thickets.

What is its ecology?

The Siberian Crane is an omnivore with a strong tendency to eat plants, and lives on plant buds, roots, fruits, seeds, insects, fish, and frogs. It is an oviparous breeding method. It lays 1-2 eggs at a time, and the incubation period is 27-29 days. It is said that the life span of wild Siberian cranes is 60 years.

Do they have any natural enemies?

The Siberian Crane has no particular natural enemies.

Are Siberian Cranes an endangered species?

Siberian Cranes are designated as an endangered species (Red List). There are only a small number of Siberian Cranes worldwide, and development and other factors are causing a further decline in their population.

Can Siberian Cranes be kept as pets?

As Siberian Cranes are an endangered species, it is extremely difficult to keep them as pets. Information is provided at events held at the zoo, so check the site map on their website to see the data, content and activities. Research is also progressing on this animal.


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