What kind of animal is an armadillo? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is an armadillo? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. It is said to be the only mammal with a shell, making it a very rare animal. However, they have many subspecies, and many of these subspecies are endangered. The situation is extremely dangerous and requires protection.

What is an armadillo? About basic status

Armadillo is a general term for the oligodont order Armadillodae, which is a mammal. The body length is 75-100cm and the weight is 30kg. Animals belonging to the order Tepidoptera are collectively called armadillos. In kanji, it is called 犰狳, obiju, etc. The list of information is as follows. The body is covered with hard skin. Curl up to protect yourself.

scientific name(学名)Dasypodidae
classification(分類)Mammalia、Cingulata、 Dasypodidae

About classification

There are many subspecies of armadillos around the world, including the following: This is a quote from Wikipedia.

  • Calyptophractus retusus チャコアルマジロ Greater hairy armadillo
  • Chlamyphorus truncatus ヒメアルマジロ Pink hairy armadillo
  • Chaetophractus nationi ペルーケナガアルマジロ Andean hairy armadillo
  • Chaetophractus vellerosus ケナガアルマジロ Screaming hairy armadillo
  • Chaetophractus villosus アラゲアルマジロ Big hairy armadillo
  • Euphractus sexcinctus ムツオビアルマジロ Six-banded armadillo
  • Cabassous centralis パナマスベオアルマジロ Northern naked-tailed armadillo
  • Cabassous chacoensis チャコスベオアルマジロ Chacoan naked-tailed armadillo
  • Cabassous tatouay オオスベオアルマジロ Greater naked-tailed armadillo
  • Cabassous unicinctus スベオアルマジロ Southern naked-tailed armadillo
  • Priodontes giganteus オオアルマジロ Giant armadillo
  • Tolypeutes matacus マタコミツオビアルマジロ Southern three-banded armadillo
  • Tolypeutes tricinctus ミツオビアルマジロ Brazilian three-banded armadillo
  • Dasypus hybridus ムリタアルマジロ Southern long-nosed armadillo
  • Dasypus kappleri ヤツオビアルマジロ Greater long-nosed armadillo
  • Dasypus novemcinctus ココノオビアルマジロ Nine-banded armadillo
  • Dasypus pilosus ムクゲアルマジロ Hairy long-nosed armadillo
  • Dasypus sabanicola コムクゲアルマジロ Llanos long-nosed armadillo
  • Dasypus septemcinctus ナナツオビアルマジロ Seven-banded armadillo
  • Dasypus yepesi イエペスアルマジロ Yepes’s mulita

About habitat

Armadillos are distributed in South America, including Argentina.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

The armadillo’s entire body is made up of bone-like plates with modified skin, and it looks very hard. The English name Armadillo means “armed one” in Spanish. When the two species of armadillo encounter an enemy, they curl up into a ball-like shape to protect themselves. They have a highly developed sense of smell and are only active at night. Armadillos are mainly found in grasslands.

What is your personality like?

Armadillos have very gentle and gentle personalities, making them easy to keep as pets. They are very easy to handle as they have a very friendly personality.

What is the ecology like?

Armadillos live by completely attracting insects such as termites and small animals such as earthworms, snails, and snakes in their burrows with their tongues and eating them. The form of coexistence is viviparous. The gestation period is approximately 4 months, and they can give birth to 4 to 8 puppies at a time. The lifespan is said to be about 12 to 15 years.

Are there any natural enemies?

Armadillos have coyotes, leopards, and other animals, but their biggest natural enemy is humans. This is because overhunting by humans has become a problem.

Are armadillos an endangered species?

Overall, armadillo populations are stable and classified as low concern. However, some subspecies are already at risk of extinction. Armadillos and other animals are sometimes eaten as food in their native habitat, and their numbers continue to decline due to habitat destruction and overhunting for food. This is an animal in urgent need of protection.

Can armadillos be kept as pets?

Armadillos can be kept as pets. Yes, as long as it is not an endangered species. There are other services such as zoos and events that provide information about the species, so we recommend that you try observing them.

What should I do with the food?

Armadillos survive by preying on insects, earthworms, and snakes. When keeping them as pets, we recommend ferret food. Cat food can also be substituted.

Temperature control is required

Armadillos live in warm regions, so they don’t like cold weather. It is essential to take measures such as creating shade in the summer and heating the room in the winter.

Caged or free range?

There is a big difference between cages and free range. If you keep it in a cage only, it will need a certain size.


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