What kind of bird is a macaw? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat Animals in botanical gardens


What kind of bird is a macaw? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. Macaws are famous birds that are widely distributed in Central and South America, the Caribbean, and even South America, and many households keep them as pets, but some subspecies are also designated as endangered species, and there is a possibility of extinction. is also suggested.

What is a macaw? About basic status

Macaws are birds that belong to the family Parrotidae. The English name is “Macaw” and the scientific names include the genus Ara, Anodorhynchus, Cyanopsitta, Propyrrhura, Orthopsittaca and Diopsittaca.

scientific name(学名)Ara
classification(分類)Ave、  Psittaciformes、 Psittacidae

About classification

There are many different subspecies of macaws. We will also briefly introduce each subspecies.

名前NameScientific name
ウミアオコンゴウインコGlaucous macawAnodorhynchus glaucus
スミレコンゴウインコHyacinth MacawAnodorhynchus hyacinthinus
コスミレコンゴウインコIndigo MacawAnodorhynchus leari
アオコンゴウインコLittle Blue MacawCyanopsitta spixii
ルリコンゴウインコBlue-and-gold MacawAra ararauna
アオキコンゴウインコBlue-throated macawAra glaucogularis
ミドリコンゴウインコBlue-green macawAra militaris
ヒワコンゴウインコGreat green macawAra ambiguus
アカコンゴウインコScarlet MacawAra macao
ベニコンゴウインコRed-and-green macawAra chloropterus
アカミミコンゴウインコRed-cheeked macawAra rubrogenys
ヒメコンゴウインコChestnut-fronted macawAra severus
ハイチコンゴウインコDominican green-and-yellow macawAra atwoodi
アカズキコンゴウインコRed-headed macawAra erythrocephala
ゴッスミイロコンゴウインコ   Jamaican Red MacawAra gossei
グァダループコンゴウインコ Lesser Antillean macawAra guadeloupensis
ミイロコンゴウインコCuban Red MacawAra tricolor
セントクロコンゴウインコSt. Croix macawAra autocthones
ズグロヒメコンゴウインコRed-bellied macawOrthopsittaca manilatus
ヤマヒメコンゴウインコBlue-headed macawPrimolius couloni
アカビタイヒメコンゴウインコBlue-winged macawPrimolius maracana
キエリヒメコンゴウインコGolden-collared macawPrimolius auricollis
コミドリコンゴウインコRed-shouldered macawDiopsittaca nobilis

Anodorhynchus glaucus

The Black-tailed Macaw is an endangered species of large blue and gray South American parrot. It is 70cm long and can only be seen in the border area between Brazil and Argentina. A 2018 study suggested that the bird is extinct, and it may be extinct since there have been no sightings of it.

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

The violet macaw is endemic to Brazil and can grow up to 100 cm in length. The plumage of the whole body is bright blue, the wings are purplish, and the tail feathers and underside of the wings are dark gray. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species. Their population is drastically decreasing due to habitat destruction and overhunting for their feathers, food, and pets.

Anodorhynchus leari

The violet macaw is endemic to the Brazilian state of Bahia. The total length is about 70 cm, and the whole body is covered with shiny blue feathers with a green tinge. They live in semi-desert areas and grasslands, but their numbers have declined dramatically due to habitat destruction and overhunting for their feathers, food, and pets. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species.

Cyanopsitta spixii

The green macaw is endemic to the Brazilian state of Bahia. The total length is about 60 cm, the upper surface and wings are purplish blue, and the head and underside are pale blue-gray. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species. It is in a very dangerous condition and is on the verge of extinction.

Ara ararauna

The blue-fronted macaw is distributed in Brazil, Panama, Bolivia, and Paraguay. With a body length of 70-80cm, it is one of the largest parrots in the world. Blue-winged macaws can live for over 60 years and generally mate for life. The population is very stable, and although it is listed on CITES Appendix II, it is classified as low concern.

Ara glaucogularis

The blue-throated macaw is endemic to Bolivia. The total length is 85 cm, and the upper surface, thighs, and lower surface of the base of the tail feathers (lower tail tube) are greenish-blue, and the underside is orange-yellow. It lives in wet forests at 200-300 meters above sea level, and is already listed in Appendix I of the CITES and is listed as an endangered species.

Ara militaris

Green Macaws are distributed in Argentina, Mexico, Ecuador, and Colombia. The total length is 70-71 cm, and the head and neck are covered with bluish-green feathers. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species.

Ara ambiguus

The lesser macaw is an endangered Central and South American parrot found in Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador. It lives in the canopy of tropical forests and is already listed in Appendix I of the Washington Convention, making it an endangered species.

Ara macao

The red macaw is a parakeet that can be found in an area from Mexico to Peru and Brazil. The body length is 81cm to 96cm, and most of the feathers are deep red. It is already listed in Appendix I of CITES and is classified as low concern.

Ara chloropterus

Green-winged macaws have the most powerful beaks of any member of the parakeet family. It is widely distributed in the forest areas of South America, so there is no threat of extinction. It is the most popular and largest macaw in the macaw family. Illegal capture for the pet trade is increasing and is a cause for concern.

Ara rubrogenys

The red-eared macaw is a parrot endemic to Bolivia. The total length is 55 – 60 cm, and the rear part of the ear canal and the shoulders are orange-red. They live in deciduous forests between 1,100 and 2,500 meters above sea level. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species.

Ara severus

The Asian macaw has a body length of about 45 cm. It is found in a wide range from southern Panama to the Amazon, Brazil, and Bolivia. Mostly green with red and blue spots on the wings. Due to its wide range of habitats, its population is very stable and there is no danger of extinction.

Ara atwoodi

The Haitian macaw is a large parrot, with a yellow abdomen and green head, back, and tail feathers. It is now extinct and was previously found in the Caribbean, including Haiti. It has already been confirmed that it became extinct in the late 18th or early 19th century.

Ara erythrocephala

The red-skinned macaw is a macaw that lived in Jamaica. The head is red, and the neck, shoulders, and underbelly are a vibrant green. It has already become extinct. The reason is overfishing by Europeans.

Ara gossei

The Jamaican red macaw and the Goth’s brown macaw are parrots that lived in Jamaica. The basal half of the maxilla is black. Apical half, gray. The lower jaw is black, with only the tip gray. It is said to have become extinct in modern times.

Ara guadeloupensis

The Guadeloupe macaw is endemic to the Lesser Antilles region of Guadeloupe. The body is red, and the wings are red, blue, and yellow. It was thought to have lived on islands in the Caribbean, but it is now extinct.

Ara tricolor

The Gray Macaw is an extinct species that is said to have lived near Cuba. It is large and its body color is red on the head, abdomen, and the first half of the back, with the rest of the body being blue. Both males and females have the same color, and it is said that their favorite food was nuts.

Ara autocthones

The St. Croix Macaw is an extinct species of macaw whose remains have been found on the Caribbean island of St. Croix and Puerto Rico. Since it was discovered in a grave, there are many mysteries surrounding it. It is thought that overhunting by humans drove them to extinction.

Orthopsittaca manilatus

The Black-fronted Macaw is a medium-sized, mostly green parrot. It is distributed from Trinidad and southern Colombia to Peru and Bolivia in the Amazon, and Brazil. Their numbers have declined due to hunting for the pet trade, but they are still stable.

Primolius couloni

The mountain macaw is a macaw that lives in Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. The total length is 50 cm, the tail is long and pointed, and the beak is large and heavy. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species.

Primolius maracana

The red-breasted macaw is a small macaw that lives in central and eastern South America. The total length is approximately 36-43 cm, and it is characterized by a black beak, long tail, and mainly green feathers. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species.

Primolius auricollis

The Kieri’s macaw is a parrot that lives in Central and South America. The total length is about 38 cm, and the overall plumage is green, with the widest yellow patch on the back of the neck, which is a distinctive feature. It is already listed on CITES Appendix I and is listed as an endangered species.

Diopsittaca nobilis

The lesser macaw is a parrot that lives in Brazil, Guiana, Bolivia, Venezuela, and Peru. Although they are often kept in captivity for the pet trade, their population is relatively stable.

Where is its habitat?

As mentioned above, macaws are widespread throughout Central America, the Caribbean, and South America.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

The most distinctive feature of macaws is their very bright colors. It loves tropical rainforests and often lives in forest areas, and is the largest bird in the parakeet family in terms of body length and wingspan. Each leg has four toes, two pointing forward and two pointing backward.

What is your personality like?

Many macaws are cheerful and obedient. They also tend to be very good at communicating because they talk a lot. Because they are intelligent and have a gentle personality, they are very easy to get along with.

What is the ecology like?

Macaws subsist primarily on fruits, seeds, and insects. Reproduction is oviparous, and the breeding period differs depending on the species. It is said that they can live for more than 100 years, but in reality most of them live around 50 years. . They tend to be monogamous and mate for life.

Are there any natural enemies?

Macaws are very large birds, so they don’t have many natural enemies. However, the chicks are targeted and preyed upon by peregrine falcons and condors.

Are macaws an endangered species?

Unfortunately, macaws are listed as an endangered species. As you can see from the subspecies, many of them have become extinct. Most likely, this is due to overhunting by humans and being consumed as food. It is in urgent need of protection.

Can macaws be kept as pets?

Macaws are classified as endangered species and cannot be kept as pets. It rarely appears on the market and cannot be priced. Therefore, it is extremely difficult to obtain.

need a cage

Macaws need a cage because they will run away if left alone. Because the beak is strong, choose a cage with thick wire. It also has a very long lifespan, so a durable cage is preferable.


A perch is also a must-have item. The appropriate thickness of the perch is so that the tip of the front finger and the tip of the back finger can barely touch each other. Place the macaw’s perch inside the cage.

pet food

Macaws’ diet consists mainly of seeds and vegetables. Recommended vegetables include bok choy, carrots, and pumpkin. If your pet gets used to it, try using artificial pellets as bait.

Air conditioning equipment

Macaws live in tropical rainforests. An environment with a humidity of about 60% and a temperature of 25 to 35 degrees Celsius is best. Air conditioning and heating are essential.


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