What kind of animal is a mini pig? Explaining its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. Also introducing the differences between micro pigs and keeping them as pets.


What kind of animal is a mini pig? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. This pig is not a wild animal, but a species that has been bred for captivity. They love to dig in the soil with their noses and are very vocal, so if you are not careful when raising them, you will receive complaints if you do not choose the right place.

What is a miniature pig? Basic status

Minipigs are a breed of pigs that have been bred as pets or experimental animals. They are called miniature pigs or mini-pigs in English, and have been bred by humans. There are two types of pigs, miniature pigs and micropigs, so we will explain each one.

Miniature pig definition

There are no regulations for miniature pigs. However, according to the American Miniature Pig Association (AMPA), a miniature pig is defined as one that is less than 20 inches (≒ 50 centimeters) tall at the front shoulder when mature. In general, miniature pigs are smaller than domestic pigs that weigh over 200 kilograms. The Gottingen and Vietnamese potbellies are famous.

Micropig definition

Micropigs are defined as pigs that are even smaller than minipigs. Micropigs often refer to pigs with a size and weight of 12 to 40 kg. Minipigs grow to 40 to 80 kg, so pigs smaller than this are defined as micropigs.

Originating from Vietnam

Most minipigs kept as pets in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, etc. originate from Vietnam. Micropigs also originate from Vietnam, as they were created by mating particularly small Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs.

Different restrictions than pure pets

These miniature and micro pigs are subject to laws and regulations for managing livestock. Therefore, there are many restrictions due to legal regulations. Disease prevention and movement management similar to those for farming are required, and this is a mandatory requirement in most developed countries.

Can they be kept as pets?

Mini pigs and micro pigs can be kept as pets. Please pay attention to the following points when raising them. There are many reports and consultations about health problems if you are not careful when raising them. Be careful when feeding them. Check what they eat and the environment. Be sure to consult with your family and decide on the species you will raise. They are loud, so they may be a nuisance to your neighbors.

How to buy

Individual pigs are rarely sold at general pet shops compared to other species. Regardless of which species you buy, it will cost about 100,000 to 500,000 yen in Japanese yen. Compared to large dogs, there are fewer of them, so it seems that they are a little expensive.

If you need a cage, buy one

There are no cages specifically for pigs, so it is better to buy one for dogs and get them used to being in one. Pigs also like to dig their noses and have the habit of digging various things with their noses, so create an environment where they can “dig their noses”. They also don’t have much of a smell. They have little body hair and no sweat glands, so you don’t have to worry about animal odor.

Costs required for raising

Monthly expenses are food and toilet. Their staple food is vegetables and pellets. You will probably spend about 10,000 to 20,000 yen on pellets and toilet sheets. A hospital is not necessary, but you will need to live near a veterinarian. All hospital fees are at actual cost, so if your pig is prone to illness, there is a risk of high expenses.

You can take measures to train them

Mini pigs and micro pigs are intelligent. Therefore, we recommend raising them as young as possible. If you educate them properly, they will learn to use the toilet and learn tricks to get used to people, so they are recommended for beginners. They have a gentle personality and are very expressive, so it is fun to raise them.

How long do pigs live?

Pigs are said to live for 10 to 15 years. Also, these days, they can be short-lived if you do not pay attention to hygiene. Even though they are animals born for experiments, you should have them examined regularly.


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