What kind of bird is an emu? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat Animals of Australia


What kind of bird is an emu? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. The emu, also known as a flightless bird, is very famous in Australia. It is distributed in open areas such as grasslands and sandy areas throughout Australia, and is known as one of the most famous bird species.

What is an emu? About basic status

Emu (emu) is a bird classified in the genus Emu, in the order Cassowaries and family Cassowaries. The scientific name is Dromaius novaehollandiae and the English name is 鯯鶓. The height is approximately 1.6m-2.0m, and the weight is approximately 40kg-60kg. It is the second tallest animal after the ostrich and cannot fly. Females are larger than males.

scientific name(学名)Dromaius novaehollandiae
classification(分類)Ave、  Casuariiformes、 Casuariidae、Dromaius 

About classification

The following subspecies of emu exist:

  • Dromaius novaehollandiae novaehollandiae
  • Dromaius novaehollandiae baudinianus 
  • Dromaius novaehollandiae diemenensis 
  • Dromaius novaehollandiae minor

About habitat

The emu is endemic to Australia.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

The emu is the second tallest bird after the ostrich, but it cannot fly. It has a rather sturdy body and is characterized by relatively long feathers that extend from the neck to the head. The feathers all over the body are grayish-brown, and there are areas where the color is peeling off or darkened. The wings are hidden in deep feathers and are almost invisible from the outside.

What is your personality like?

Emus have very calm and gentle personalities, and if you treat them kindly, they will become attached to you. However, if you mess with her, she may get angry and attack you with her beak, so be careful.

What is the ecology like?

Emus are omnivores, subsisting on small mammals, insects, and seeds. The reproductive form is oviparous. They lay 10-30 eggs from November to April. The lifespan of an emu is said to be 20 to 30 years.

Are there any natural enemies?

Emu’s natural enemies include dingoes and crocodiles. Therefore, chicks in particular tend to be attacked preferentially.

Is the emu an endangered species?

Emu is not an endangered species. Previously, emus could be seen all over Australia. However, emus became extinct in Tasmania in the 19th century. In 1999, the emu became formally protected by the Australian government under the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, making it highly protected. However, only the state of New South Wales classifies the emu as an endangered species.

Can emus be bred?

Emus are extremely difficult to keep. Because they travel long distances, they require quite a large amount of space, which limits the number of people who can keep them. It is appropriate to enter the zoo and see them at events. Please check the official website for details.


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