What kind of bird is a kiwi? Description of characteristics, ecology and habitat Flightless birds of New Zealand


What kind of bird is the kiwi, a flightless bird from New Zealand? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. It is a large, flightless bird that lives in New Zealand and feeds by using its nose and whiskers at the end of its beak. I will explain in detail what kind of bird it is.

What is kiwi? About basic status

The kiwi is a flightless New Zealand bird classified in the order Kiwiiformes. The scientific name is Apteryx australis. There are several subspecies, but the body length is 45-60 cm and the weight is about 3-4 kg. The national bird of New Zealand, its name comes from its cry.

scientific name(学名)Apteryx australis
classification(分類)Ave、 Palaeognathae、Apterygidae、Apteryx
IUCN Status(保全状況)Vulnerable

About classification

The genus Kiwi has the following types: Unfortunately, it is an endangered species and remains in critical condition.

Academic Name
Southern brown kiwi
Apteryx australis
Great spotted kiwi
Apteryx haastii
North Island brown kiwi
Apteryx mantelli
Little spotted kiwi
Apteryx owenii
Okarito kiwi
Apteryx rowi

Apteryx australis

The southern brown kiwi, tokoeka, or common kiwi is a type of kiwi native to the South Island of New Zealand. It was thought to be the same species as the North Island brown kiwi, but is now considered to be a different species. It has become an endangered species.

Apteryx haastii

The Great Spotted Kiwi, also known as the Great Gray Kiwi, is a species of kiwi that is endemic to the South Island of New Zealand. It has become an endangered species. It is the largest of the kiwifruit species, and has declined dramatically due to predation by non-native mammals such as dogs, ferrets, cats, and stoats.

Apteryx mantelli

This kiwi lives on the North Island of New Zealand. These kiwis, like other kiwis, feed on invertebrates. It has become an endangered species.

Apteryx owenii

It is one of the smallest kiwi birds. Conservation efforts were carried out 100 years ago and the species was on the verge of extinction, but its population is gradually recovering. It is designated as a near-threatened species. Kapiti Island is currently home to approximately 1,200 birds.

Apteryx rowi

The kiwi, also known as the Okarito brown kiwi, currently lives in the Okarito Forest on the west coast of New Zealand’s South Island, an area that is restricted by the New Zealand government. It has become an endangered species.

About Kiwi Habitat

Kiwis are endemic to New Zealand and cannot be found anywhere else.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Kiwis look very fat. Wings can only be used to balance and support the body when jumping. It is nocturnal and lives in forests and bushes. It is characterized by its hair-like feathers, short, chunky legs, and long beak. Since there are no enemies in the domestic area, their wings have degenerated and they live by walking on the ground.

What is your personality like?

Kiwis have quiet personalities and are very timid. If you make a loud noise, they will get scared and run away immediately.

What is the ecology of kiwi?

Kiwis live on large plants, fruits, earthworms, leaves and berries, and insects. The mode of reproduction is oviparous. The eggs are very large, weighing about a quarter of their body weight. The male incubates the eggs. Their lifespan is over 20 years in the wild and around 40 years in captivity.

What is the kiwi’s natural enemy?

Kiwis originally lived in a world without carnivores. However, Europeans introduced animals such as dogs and cats, and carnivores became a threat. The abundant kiwis were preyed on due to their small size.

Kiwi fruit

Kiwi fruit is rich in vitamin C and is popular for its refreshing sweet and sour taste. Kiwifruit is named after the bird kiwi. It was named after New Zealand’s national bird, the kiwi, in 1959 when the fruit kiwi was exported to the United States.

Is the kakapo an endangered species?

Kiwis are currently listed as an endangered species. The reasons may be as follows. The kiwi population has been reduced to 70,000 birds. A new, society-wide protection scheme is now being implemented by the New Zealand Government and has been successful.

hunting by humans

Hunting by humans is a problem. Maori people hunted kiwi for food and their skins and feathers for cloaks. Modern Europeans cleared vast tracts of land, reducing the kakapo’s habitat. As a result, their population has decreased significantly.

carnivores are introduced

Foxes, dogs, cats, and other animals were introduced by Europeans. Due to these presences, many native species, including the kakapo, were heavily predated and declined dramatically. The kiwi population on mainland New Zealand has declined considerably.

Can you raise kiwis?

Kiwis are strictly managed and extremely difficult for the average person to keep as their population has declined dramatically. In Japan, it can be seen at Tennoji Zoo in Osaka. They were first sent to Tennoji Zoo by the New Zealand government during the 1970 Osaka World Expo, where they are shown on display and kept in captivity, so it is highly recommended. There are often special features and reports on news and events.


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