Adélie penguins Explaining the characteristics, ecology, and habitat


We will explain the characteristics, ecology, and habitat of Adélie penguins. Adélie penguins live in Antarctica, so we don’t have many chances to see them. However, many penguins are kept in zoos and aquariums, and there are many opportunities to see them.

Basic information about Adélie penguins

Adélie penguins are birds belonging to the Adélie penguin genus. The scientific name is Pygoscelis adeliae. This species and the emperor penguin are the only penguins that breed in Antarctica, with a body length of 60-70 cm and a weight of about 5 kg.

English(英名)Adelie penguin
scientific name(学名)Pygoscelis adeliae
classification(分類)Sphenisciformes, Spheniscidae, Pygoscelis

What will happen to the classification?

Adélie penguins belong to the Adélie penguin genus. Adélie His penguin specimens were collected by the crew of French explorer Jules du Mont d’Urville’s Antarctic expeditions in the 1830s and his 1840s. It was named the Adélie Penguin in honor of his wife, Adélie. In 1841 it received the scientific name Catarrhactesadeliæ, but now the Adelie penguin has been assigned to the genus Pygocelis. It is one of three types.

アデリーペンギン(Adelie Penguin)Pygoscelis アデリーペンギン属南極大陸
ジェンツーペンギン(Gentoo Penguin)Pygoscelis アデリーペンギン属南極大陸
ヒゲペンギン(Chinstrap Penguin)Pygoscelis アデリーペンギン属南極大陸

About Adélie penguin habitat

Adélie penguins live in Antarctica, similar to emperor penguins.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Adélie penguins are characterized by the white area around their eyes. The iris is brown and the feathers are white on the ventral side and black on the head and back. There is a white eye ring around the eyes, and the legs are pink. They usually live in groups in Antarctica, forming large colonies. As the chicks grow, they form “craches” where the chicks gather together.

What will your personality look like?

Adélie penguins have a mischievous nature, as if they would stand still and not run away even when approached by humans. Basically, they do not attack on their own, but they will mercilessly attack anyone who tries to approach their nest.

What is the ecology of Adélie penguins?

Adélie penguins basically live on fish, squid, and crustaceans. In October, Adélie penguins gather at their breeding grounds, build nests made of pebbles, and the females lay eggs. Eggs take about 35 days to hatch. The lifespan is said to be about 15 years.

What are the natural enemies of Adélie penguins?

Adélie penguins are predators of leopard seals, and skuas are the predators of their eggs and chicks. They have natural enemies both on land and in the sea.

Are the rumors about pushing your friends down true?

Adélie penguins, contrary to their cute image, are said to push their friends into the ocean where their natural enemies, killer whales and leopard seals, lurk. The reason for this is that they push their companions into the ocean where there are leopard seals to check for safety.

Are Adélie penguins an endangered species?

Adélie penguins are currently not an endangered species. However, their population is decreasing rapidly. The estimated number of individuals in 2014 is said to be around 3,790,000 pairs. The population is expected to decline due to the following reasons:

fishing competition

The human population is also increasing, which means they are taking more fish. As a result, the Adélie penguins have no fish to eat, making it difficult to find food nearby. Furthermore, due to climate change, it is becoming difficult to find food nearby. Sea surface temperatures are also rising due to the El Niño phenomenon, which is critical.

Is it possible to keep Adélie penguins?

Adélie penguins live in Antarctica and are extremely difficult to care for. This is because they have to recreate the environment of Antarctica, and many people give up at this point. It would cost a lot of money.


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