Explaining the characteristics, ecology, and habitat of fishing cats Cats that also appear in illustrated books


We will explain the characteristics, ecology, and habitat of fishing cats. This cat is an extremely rare animal that can fish. It can be seen widely in Southeast Asia, as it is distributed in Sri Lanka, India, Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, and Sumatra. It looks like a domestic cat, but it’s bigger.

What is a fishing cat? About basic status

Fishing cats belong to the mammalian order Carnivora and the family Felidae. The scientific name is Prionailurus viverrinus. The body length is 57-86cm and the weight is 5.5-8.0kg. They tend to live mostly in the eastern and southeastern regions of Asia. Fishing Cat means “fishing” cat.

English(英名)Fishing cat
scientific name(学名)Prionailurus viverrinus
classification(分類)Mammalia、 Carnivora、Felidae、Prionailurus

What will be the classification?

In terms of the lineage of extant species of the cat family, it is the genus Bengal cat. The following subspecies exist in the Bengal wildcat genus: The Tsushima leopard cat and the Iriomote leopard cat are designated as endangered species.

Name:名前academic name
Tsushima leopard cat
Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurusTsushima, Japan
Iriomote wild cat
Prionailurus bengalensis iriomotensisIriomote, Japan
Sunda leopard cat
Prionailurus javanensisJava, Bali, Borneo, Sumatra、Indonesia
Flat-headed cat
Prionailurus planicepsIndonesia, Thailand, Brunei, Malaysia
Rusty-spotted Cat
Prionailurus rubiginosusIndia
Fishing cat
Prionailurus viverrinusIndonesia, China, Thailand

About fishing cat habitat

Fishing cats live in China, the Indochina Peninsula, and India. Born mainly in South Asia. This cat is also shown and exhibited in photographic materials at aquariums and zoos.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

The fishing cat is a cat that cannot retract its claws on its front legs. They are good swimmers and can be active both on land and in water. The coat color is usually greyish-brown, with whitish hair from the chin to the abdomen, and the hair is short and has slightly elongated black spots all over the body. It can also be found in lowland wetlands, swamps, near rivers, and in mountainous areas. They usually live alone and are mostly active at night.

What will your personality look like?

Fishing cats are ferocious and sometimes attack cows, sheep, and dogs. Therefore, there is a possibility that they may attack humans, so you need to be careful.

What is the ecology of fishing cats?

Fishing cats make a living by catching and eating frogs, crayfish, fish, shellfish, etc. Fishing cats probably mate between January and February, and the gestation period is about two months. Females give birth to two or three kittens. By the age of one month, kittens will be active and mobile. The lifespan is said to be up to 10 years.

What are the natural enemies of fishing cats?

Fishing cats have no natural enemies. They are said to have quite violent personalities, so they are rarely attacked.

Is the fishing cat an endangered species?

The fishing cat is listed as an endangered species. The population is decreasing rapidly year by year, and according to information, the following causes can be cited.

habitat destruction

They are threatened by the destruction of wetlands, which are becoming increasingly polluted and converted into agricultural and human settlements, leaving fishing cats with no place to live, and habitat loss making life difficult for them.

Overfishing of fish resources and retaliatory killings

The fishing cat’s favorite food is fish, but as the population increases, humans are also taking too many fish through fishing. This makes it difficult to secure food. Additionally, fishing cats regularly attack farmers’ livestock, resulting in many cases of them being killed in retaliation. On Sagar Island, indigenous people wiped out the fishing cat population, and in Bangladesh, at least 30 fishing cats were killed by locals in the three years between January 2010 and March 2013.

Is it possible to keep fishing cats?

Fishing cats have quite aggressive personalities, so they are extremely difficult to keep. Keeping multiple dogs is not recommended as there is a risk of killing them.


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