What kind of bird is the great tit? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitats of Japanese wild birds


What kind of bird is the great tit? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. Great tits live mainly in Japan and are widely distributed in East Asia and other areas. There are many subspecies, so we will introduce them all together.

What is titmouse? About basic status

The titmouse is a bird that belongs to the genus Tittidae in the family Tittidae. The total length is only 14-20cm and the weight is 11-20g. The scientific name is Parus minor and the Japanese name is Chickadee.

English(英名)Japanese tit
Eastern Great Tit
Oriental Tit
scientific name(学名)Parus minor
classification(分類)Ave、 Passeriformes、Paridae、Parus

About classification

There are the following subspecies of titmouse: The following is a quote from Wikipedia.

  • Parus minor minor Temminck & Schlegel, 1848 シジュウカラ
  • Parus minor amamiensis Kleinschmidt, 1848 アマミシジュウカラ
  • Parus minor commixtus Swinhoe, 1868
  • Parus minor dageletensis Kuroda & Mori, 1920
  • Parus minor nigriloris Hellmayr, 1900 イシガキシジュウカラ
  • Parus minor nubicolus Meyer de Schauensee, 1946
  • Parus minor okinawae Hartert, 1905 オキナワシジュウカラ
  • Parus minor tibetanus Hartert, 1905

About habitat

Great tits are active in Japan, China, the Korean Peninsula, southern Russia, and even Southeast Asia.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Great tits live in forests from the plains to mountains, but they are often seen in urban and residential areas, and are often seen by humans. The feathers are bluish gray or blackish brown on the upper side and light brown on the underside. The top of the head is covered with black feathers, and there are white markings on the cheeks and back of the neck. Males can be distinguished from females because of their many markings and the black vertical line that runs from the throat to the lower tail tube. They are resident birds and tend to flock in large numbers.

What does the ecology look like?

Great tits are omnivorous, subsisting on fruits, seeds, insects and spiders. Among other things, they sometimes eat moss. The nest is built inside a narrow hole. The reproductive form is oviparous. They lay approximately 7-10 eggs from April to July. The incubation period is about 2 weeks. The chicks then hatch. The lifespan of a great tit is about 1 to 3 years.

Are there any natural enemies?

Snakes are the greatest natural enemy of great tits. When a natural predator approaches, they make a special call to alert their friends. The sound is very special and you can hear it even from the hive.

Is the great tit an endangered species?

Great tits as a whole are not an endangered species.

Can tits be kept as pets?

It would be difficult to keep wild tits in captivity. They don’t feel attached to humans. Also, keeping wild birds is prohibited under Japanese law. This bird can also be seen in manga, dramas, and images. There are many photos in the encyclopedia, so take a look.


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