What kind of bird is the Great Cockatoo? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of bird is the Great Cockatoo? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. The Great Cockatoo is a parrot found only in Indonesia. It can sing and is a very intelligent animal species. It is a tame bird, highly intelligent, and can speak simple words, so it is also famous as a pet.

What is a Cockatoo? Basic Stats

The Moluccan cockatoo is a bird classified in the Psittacidae family. It is also known as the Moluccan cockatoo, Salmon-crested cockatoo, and its scientific name is Cacatua moluccensis. Its Chinese characters are 大芭旦. Its total length is 40-50cm, and its weight is 750-900g. The list of information is as follows.

English(英名)Moluccan cockatoo
Salmon-crested cockatoo
scientific name(学名)Cacatua moluccensis
classification(分類)Aves、 Psittaciformes、 Psittacidae


The cockatoo is an endemic species found only in Indonesia, on the islands of Ambon and Seram.

What are its characteristics? What does it look like?

The Great Cockatoo has a white or pale pink body, a large, hook-shaped, blackish beak, and a crest that extends backwards. When excited, the feathers on the top of its head are ruffled, making the red part clearly visible. Great Cockatoos live in forest areas from flatlands to hills and low mountainous areas, and form pairs or families. They do not form large flocks.

What is its ecology?

Great Cockatoos eat nuts, seeds, and fruits, but also eat insects. They are oviparous, living alone or in pairs during the breeding season and laying 1-3 eggs at a time. The incubation period is 28-30 days, and they reach sexual maturity at 4-5 years of age. They live for 60-70 years.

Do they have any natural enemies?

Humans are the natural enemies of the Great Cockatoo.

Are Great-breasted Cockatoos an endangered species?

Great-breasted Cockatoos are designated as an endangered species (Red List). They are also listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and international trade is strictly restricted. Their population is declining because they are considered pests that feed on coconuts, and are exterminated. Their population has been declining due to illegal capture and habitat loss, and they used to live on Sabalua Island and Halk Island, but are probably extinct in these areas.

Can Great-breasted Cockatoos be kept as pets?

Great-breasted Cockatoos are designated as an endangered species, and it would be difficult for ordinary people to keep them as pets.


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