What kind of animal is the Gaur? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is the gaur, a wild herbivore that lives in the forests of the bovidae family? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. This animal, which is also known by other names such as gaur, Indian gaur, and Indian yaguru, is very famous. We will explain the details of this animal, which is distributed over a fairly wide area from Southeast Asia to South Asia.

What is Gaul? Basic Stats

Gaur is an even-toed ungulate mammal classified in the order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae, genus Bos. Its scientific name is Bos gaurus, and its English name is Gaur. Its body length is 250-330cm, its weight is 600-1,000kg, and its tail length is 100cm. The list of information is as follows. It is also called Gaur, Indian Gaur, or Indian Yagyu.

scientific name(学名)Bos gaurus
classification(分類)Mammalia、Artiodactyl、 Bovidae、Bos


According to data, wild gaurs are found in Southeast Asia, primarily in India, Myanmar, Indochina, and the Malay Peninsula. They are the world’s largest cattle and live in forests.

What are its characteristics? What kind of creature is it?

Gaurs have dark brown, reddish brown, or black fur, white tips on their limbs, and crescent-shaped horns in both males and females. These horns can reach a length of nearly 80 cm, with larger males reaching up to 110 cm. They have a sturdy build with a bulge from the shoulders to the back. Gaurs live in forest areas such as evergreen forests, tropical rainforests, and deciduous forests, and live in groups.

What is their personality like?

Gaurs live in groups of about 20 to 40, so they have a strong sense of camaraderie and are social animals. They are basically diurnal, and in areas with a lot of contact with humans, they may become nocturnal and become active, so they are cautious. Considering their size, they are docile by nature and do not approach people. They may also act individually depending on their purpose.

What is their ecology like?

Gaurs live by eating leaves. They reproduce viviparously. The gestation period is 270 days, mating occurs from December to the following January, and birth occurs around August. The lactation period is 180 days, and they reach sexual maturity at two years old. Their lifespan is about 30 years.

Do they have any natural enemies?

Gaurs are very sturdy and have no significant natural enemies.

Is the Eurasian otter (European otter) an endangered species?

The gaur is designated as an endangered species and is listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and international trade is strictly restricted. The population is rapidly decreasing due to habitat loss caused by deforestation and development, and poaching for its horns. It is now a protected animal in all regions and is strictly managed.

Can you keep a gaur as a pet?

The gaur is designated as an endangered species, so it is quite difficult for ordinary people to keep it as a pet. You can see it at zoos and aquariums. There are also event information and exhibitions, so check out the shops. Visit the website to see the map.


Copied title and URL