What kind of animal is a fox? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is a fox? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. There is probably no one who does not know about foxes. Foxes live on most continents and have a fairly wide range of distribution, but some subspecies are classified as endangered and therefore in danger.

What is a fox? About basic status

A fox is an animal in the genus Fox, in the order Carnivora of the class Mammalia and the subfamily Canidae. There are considerable differences in physique depending on the subspecies or the same division. The body length is 30-70cm and the weight is 2-10kg. The list of information is as follows.

scientific name(学名)Vulpes
classification(分類)Mammalia、Carnivora、 Canidae、Caninae

About classification

The following subspecies of fox exist: This is a quote from Wikipedia. By the way, subspecies that are already extinct have also been confirmed.

  • アカギツネ red fox、Vulpes vulpes
  • アフガニスタンキツネ (ブランフォードギツネ) Blanford’s fox、Vulpes cana
  • オグロスナギツネ pale fox、Vulpes pallida
  • オジロスナギツネ Rueppel’s fox、Vulpes rueppelli
  • ケープギツネ Cape fox、Vulpes chama
  • コサックギツネ corsac fox、Vulpes corsac
  • スウィフトギツネ swift fox、Vulpes velox
  • チベットスナギツネ Tibetan fox、Vulpes ferrilata
  • キットギツネ kit fox、Vulpes macrotis
  • ベンガルギツネ Bengal fox、Vulpes bengalensis
  • フェネック (フェネックギツネ) fennec、Vulpes zerda (Fennecus zerda)
  • ホッキョクギツネ arctic fox、Vulpes lagopus (Alopex lagopus)
  • オオミミギツネ bat-eared fox、Otocyon megalotis
  • カニクイキツネ属(カニクイイヌ属) Cerdocyon
  • カニクイキツネ(カニクイイヌ) crab-eating fox、Cerdocyon thous
  • クルペオギツネ属 Lycalopex (Pseudalopex)
  • クルペオギツネ (クルペオ) culpeo、Lycalopex culpaeus
  • スジオイヌ hoary fox、Lycalopex vetulus
  • セチュラギツネ Sechura fox、Lycalopex sechurae
  • チコハイイロギツネ Argentine gray fox, chilla、Lycalopex griseus
  • パンパスギツネ pampas fox, Azara’s dog、Lycalopex gymnocercus
  • フォークランドキツネ属(フォークランドオオカミ属、アザライヌ属) Dusicyon
  • フォークランドキツネ(フォークランドオオカミ) Falkland island fox、Dusicyon australis
  • ハイイロギツネ属 Urocyon
  • ハイイロギツネ gray fox、Urocyon cinereoargenteus
  • シマハイイロギツネ island fox、Urocyon littoralis

About habitat

Foxes are widely distributed all over the world, including Japan, North America, South America, Europe, and Africa. In Japan, it is often seen in places such as Honshu.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Foxes are unusual among canids because they live in small family units rather than in packs. Although it is said that they are not very social, they are often seen traveling in large families. They are mainly nocturnal and often live in forests, forests, and forests near villages. They have a keen sense of smell and hearing, and can run at an extremely fast speed of 70km/h.

What is your personality like?

Foxes are known to be agile and highly adaptable animals. However, they are capricious and free-spirited like cats. They are animals with considerable individual differences.

What is the ecology like?

Foxes eat small animals such as mice, birds, and insects, and can also eat fruits such as berries and apples. They are also highly adaptable, as they may even eat food scraps from outside the school. The breeding season is from December to February, depending on the subspecies. They give birth between late March and April. They can give birth to 3-6 puppies at a time. The lifespan is said to be about 10 years.

Are there any natural enemies?

The fox’s natural enemy is humans. It is known that foxes are extremely often killed by cars.

Are foxes an endangered species?

Overall, the fox population is very stable. However, some subspecies are already listed as endangered. Mountain dogs and striped gray foxes have already been designated as such, and many collisions with cars occur every year and are a major cause of death. The main point of this division is whether the destruction of human habitats can be stopped.

Can foxes be kept as pets?

Foxes can be kept as pets. If you want to adopt a fox as a pet, there are some things you need to prepare in advance. We recommend that you first check out information about zoos and events.

big cage

Like dogs, if you have trouble moving around the house, a cage is essential. It is best to choose one that is spacious enough to move around.


Foxes rarely learn to use the toilet. The excrement is very smelly, so you must clean the toilet immediately after using it.

How should I feed it?

We recommend a balanced dog food or cat food for your fox. There is no problem with drinking tap water.


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