What kind of animal is a wild boar? An explanation of its characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is a wild boar? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. Wild boars are widely distributed in the southern part of the Eurasian continent, such as Asia and Europe, and are one of the animals that everyone knows. The important livestock that was developed from wild boars is the pig, and they are closely related animals.

What is a boar? Basic stats

Wild boars are a type of animal in the order Artiodactyla and family Suidae. Their scientific name is Sus scrofa, their English name is Wild boar, and their kanji characters are 猪・豬. Their size as wild boars is 90-180cm in body length, 50-200kg in weight, and 30-40cm in tail length. The list of information is below. You can see a lot of them in the area.

English(英名)Wild boar
scientific name(学名)Sus scrofa

Difference between pigs and wild boars

What is the difference between pigs and wild boars? We will explain it below. For more information on pigs, please refer to the following article. Humans originally used wild boars as food through hunting and gathering. However, humans artificially bred wild boars to ensure a stable food supply. This is how pigs were born. Wild boars have a very aggressive nature, but by breeding two docile wild boars together, a gentle animal called pig was born.

Characteristics of wild boars

They have black or brown fur, short bodies and large noses. You can see many pictures of them on the internet. Japanese wild boars can be seen in large numbers in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu at certain times of the day.

Pig characteristics

The fur varies from individual to individual, with some being white, others pink, etc. They are characterized by a long body and a large but short nose.

About their habitat

Wild boars are distributed all over the world. They can be seen in the wild mainly in Eurasia.

What are their characteristics? What kind of creatures are they?

Wild boars can reach a body length of over 180 cm and a weight of nearly 300 kg. Their coat color can be brown, dark brown, or blackish brown, and they are strong, especially when charging. Wild boars are also good swimmers, and their athletic ability is superior to what you might think. They have large canines in their upper jaws and powerful tusks. Wild boars prefer places close to water, and love to bathe in water and mud. They are mostly active during the day. They are mainly found in safe forests and mountains, and their range of movement is narrow.

What is their personality like?

Wild boars are very nervous animals, and have a habit of avoiding anything they see that is unfamiliar. However, if you approach them, they will charge at you and attack you. They have powerful tusks, so even humans can be injured.

What is their ecology like?

Wild boars are omnivorous, living off earthworms, frogs, plants, crops, lizards, and insects. Breeding season usually begins in December and lasts for about two months. Their lifespan in the wild is up to 10 years. They reach sexual maturity in about a year. Large adult animals eat a lot, so farmers need to manage crops and keep an eye on them.

Do they have any natural enemies?

Wild boars’ predators include tigers, leopards, wolves, and bears.

Are wild boars an endangered species?

The wild boar population is very stable and they are not an endangered species. In addition to causing damage to crops, they are also often attacked by people in urban areas, so they are often exterminated as pests.

Can you keep wild boars as pets?

Wild boars are not recommended as pets. Due to their aggressive nature, it is best to view them at a zoo. Currently, you can see information about exhibits by accessing their website.


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