What kind of animal is the European wildcat? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is the European wildcat? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. The European wildcat is very similar to the domestic cat, and their ecology is also very similar. Their main characteristic is that they are larger and slightly stockier than domestic cats, so I will explain them.

What is a European wildcat? About basic status

The European wildcat belongs to the class Mammalia, order Carnivora, and family Felidae. Body length 45-80 cm, weight 3-8 kg, tail length 30 cm. The scientific name is Felis silvestris.

English(英名)European wildcat
scientific name(学名)Felis silvestris
classification(分類)Mammalia、 Carnivora、 Felidae
Weight(体重)3-8 kg

About classification

The European wildcat has the following subspecies:

名前NameScientific Name(学名)
リビアヤマネコAfrican wildcatFelis lybica
ハイイロネコChinese Mountain CatFelis bieti

Felis lybica

The Libyan wildcat is the very origin of the domestic cat. The African wildcat and steppe wildcat are also among these subspecies. They have longer legs than domestic cats, and their sitting posture and walking style are unique. With a body length of 45 – 80 cm, weight of 3 – 8 kg, and a tail length of 30 cm, it is classified as of low concern and its population is stable. The Libyan wildcat lives in Africa and the Middle East.

Felis bieti

The gray cat is a cat that can only be found in some areas, such as China’s Sichuan province, and is designated as an endangered species due to its extremely small population.

About the habitat area

Their habitat is wide-ranging. The European wildcat is distributed mainly in Europe and also in Africa.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

European wildcats are larger than domestic cats, and are characterized by a medium-tone brown color with black stripes. European wildcats often live in mixed broad-leaved forests, but they also live in grasslands and steppes. Although they are primarily nocturnal, they are known to be active during the day as well. Their home range is between 1 square kilometer and 9 square kilometers.

What is the ecology like?

The European wildcat’s main diet is rodents, as well as rabbits. Breeding occurs in late winter and can produce several offspring at a time. It takes about 4 months to wean. They become independent and sexually mature at 10 months. The lifespan is about 10 to 15 years.

Is the European wildcat an endangered species?

The European wildcat is not an endangered species. Populations are generally stable and stable because they are so widely distributed.

Can you keep European wildcats?

Can you keep European wildcats? Speaking of which, it’s difficult. They are very similar to domestic cats, but because they are wild cats, it is known that they do not easily get attached to humans.


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