What kind of animal is the river dolphin family? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is a dolphin that belongs to the river dolphin family? We will explain its long length, body, characteristics, distribution, ecology, habitat, and types. These include the Ganges river dolphin and the Indus river dolphin, both of which are designated as endangered species, so they are in a very critical situation. Therefore, I will explain in detail.

What is the dolphin family? About basic status

The dolphin family is classified as an artiodactyla (some say it is a cetacean artiodactyla) among dolphins. It is also called the Ganges river dolphin family. The scientific name is Platanistidae. It has a long body, measuring 2-2.2m in length. It is a chordate that appears in encyclopedias, and data shows that it lives in estuaries. Males are larger than females.

English(英名)river dolphin
scientific name(学名)Platanistidae
classification(分類)Mammalia、 Cetartiodactyla、Platanistidae 

About classification

The river dolphin family was thought to consist of the Amazon river dolphin family, the La Plata river dolphin family, and the European river dolphin family, but all of these river dolphin families were considered to be common dolphins. Currently, the classification is as follows.

Scientific Name
ganges river dolphin
Platanista gangetica
Indus river dolphin
Platanista minor

Platanista gangetica

The Ganges river dolphin is a species of toothed whale that belongs to the Cetacean artiodactyla family. It has a large body that can reach up to 2.6 meters and is blind. We are active on the Ganges River in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, etc. Unfortunately, it is listed as an endangered species.

Platanista minor

The Indus River Dolphin lives in the Indus River. Cannot see up to 2.6m. It is rarely seen because it prefers the deepest parts of rivers. This species is also listed as endangered. It is able to quickly catch fish using its elongated snout.

Where is its habitat?

The river dolphin family lives in waters around India and Bangladesh in Asia.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

River dolphins typically swim alone or in pairs. They have a very social personality and tend to live in groups.

What is the ecology like?

River dolphins mainly feed on fish and crustaceans. The lifespan of river dolphins is not well known, but it is said that they live for about 10 to 20 years in captivity.

Are river dolphins an endangered species?

Both the Ganges river dolphin and the Indus river dolphin are in decline in population and are designated as endangered species. I will explain the reasons for each. It has been listed in CITES Appendix I since 1975, when CITES came into force.

ganges river dolphin

Since 1981, the genus Ganges River Dolphin has been listed in Appendix I of CITES. Their population is drastically decreasing due to habitat fragmentation, water pollution, and even capture.

Indus river dolphin

They are hunted for food and fishing bait, and their population is declining dramatically. Currently, it is legally protected in Pakistan.

Can river dolphins be kept?

As mentioned above, international trade is strictly restricted by the Washington Convention, and as it is an endangered species, it is extremely difficult to keep it in captivity.


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