Fiordland penguins Explaining the characteristics, habitat, and ecology


We will explain the characteristics, habitat, and ecology of Fiordland penguins (Kimayu penguins). This penguin, known as the “forest penguin,” is an extremely rare type. This is a very rare penguin that lives in southwestern New Zealand from Fiordland to Stewart Island.

Basic information about Fiordland penguins

Fiordland penguins are birds that belong to the Macaroni penguin genus. The scientific name is Eudyptes pachyrhynchus. This penguin is 40-60cm long and is endemic to New Zealand. It is a rare species with a very limited habitat. Other names are Kimayu Penguin and Victoria Penguin.

English(英名)Fiordland penguin
scientific name(学名)Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
classification(分類)Sphenisciformes, Spheniscidae, Eudyptes

What will happen to the classification?

It was first described in 1845 by British zoologist George Robert Gray. It now belongs to the Macaroni penguin genus. The genus name is derived from the ancient Greek eu/ευ “good” and dyptes/δύπτης “diver”. Fiordland penguins originate from Fiordland on New Zealand’s South Island, where they breed.

名前:NameGropu:属名生息地: habit
フィヨルドランドペンギン(Fiordland penguin)    Eudyptes マカロニペンギン属New Zealand
シュレーターペンギン(Erect-Crested Penguin)Eudyptes マカロニペンギン属New Zealand
スネアーズペンギン(Snares Islands Penguin)Eudyptes マカロニペンギン属New Zealand
マカロニペンギン(Macaroni Penguin)Eudyptes マカロニペンギン属Antarctica
ロイヤルペンギン(Royal Penguin)Eudyptes マカロニペンギン属Antarctica
イワトビペンギン(Rockhopper Penguin)Eudyptes マカロニペンギン属South Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Falkland Islands

About Fiordland Penguin Habitat

Fiordland penguins are found only in New Zealand. Many live near Stewart Island.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Fiordland penguins have black plumage on the top of their heads and white plumage on the bottom. There is a thick yellow striped pattern on the upper part of the head and the back of the head, which droops down at the back. Fiordland penguins are different from traditional penguins; they live in forests. Fiordland National Park, where they live, is also registered as a World Heritage Site.

What will your personality look like?

Fiordland penguins are said to be the most timid of the Macaroni penguin species. They tend to get scared when an enemy approaches their nest.

What is the ecology of Fiordland penguins?

Fiordland penguins subsist mainly on squid and krill. The breeding season is from July to December, when two eggs are laid, and the eggs incubate for 30-36 days. The chicks form a “kleish”. The lifespan is estimated to be 15 to 20 years.

What are the natural enemies of Fiordland penguins?

Fiordland penguins are carnivores, including dogs and cats introduced by humans.

Are Fiordland penguins an endangered species?

Fiordland penguins are classified as Least Concern by the IUCN, and their population is said to be stable. However, in 2013, New Zealand’s Department of Conservation changed its status from vulnerable to endangered. This is due to the following reasons. Estimated population is 2,000 to 3,000.

There are predators introduced by humans.

The main threats are predators such as dogs, cats, rats, and especially stoats. These are caused by humans introducing them. Originally, there were no carnivorous land animals in New Zealand, so the penguins were safe. However, with the advent of carnivores, their numbers are decreasing.

Is it possible to keep Fiordland penguins?

The area where Fiordland penguins live is a World Heritage Site, and the New Zealand government has prohibited anyone other than researchers from entering the area, making it difficult to encounter them in the first place and raising them in captivity.


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