What kind of animal is a gorilla? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of animal is a gorilla? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. They are classified into two species, the eastern gorilla and the western gorilla, and both have suffered serious habitat destruction and poaching, and both are designated as endangered species.

What is a gorilla? About basic status

Gorillas are mammals that belong to the genus Gorilla in the order Primates and family Hominidae. The body length is 150-180cm and the weight is 80-100kg. The scientific name is Gorilla gorilla. The list of information is as follows.

scientific name(学名)Gorilla gorilla
classification(分類)Mammalia、Primate、 Hominidae、Gorilla
Length(体長)150 – 180cm
Weight(体重)80 – 100kg

About classification

There are several subspecies of gorillas, including:

Western gorilla

The western gorilla is a primate classified into the genus Gorilla, in the order Mammalia, order Primates, and family Hominidae. It lives in Angola, Gabon, and Nigeria, and its head and body length is 103 to 107 cm, and its weight is 145 to 191 kg. It is listed on Appendix I of the Washington Convention and is designated as an endangered species. The Ebola virus has decimated the population to the point of no return.

Eastern gorilla

The eastern gorilla is a primate classified into the genus Gorilla, in the order Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae, and lives in Uganda, Congo, and other countries. They live in natural forests and secondary forests, and are designated as an endangered species due to habitat destruction due to farmland development and timber extraction, as well as the spread of infectious diseases. It is listed on CITES Appendix I, which places strict restrictions on international trade.

About habitat

Gorillas mainly live on the African continent.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

Gorillas mainly live in forest areas. Basically, they are highly social animals and live in groups. A gorilla’s chest-beating gesture is called “drumming,” and it is a means of communication and negotiation with the other person. This can be seen when avoiding conflicts with males or asserting oneself. It is characterized by a quadrupedal gait called knuckle walking, in which the forelimbs are clenched into fists and hit the ground.

What is your personality like?

Like humans, gorillas value social connections with their fellow gorillas. Some primates have a strict hierarchical relationship, but in the case of gorillas, all relationships are flat. They also have very high intelligence, comparable to humans.

What is the ecology like?

Gorillas generally like to eat fruits, plants, and termites. Regardless of the species, they tend to be fruit eaters, and in environments where fruit is abundant, they will mainly eat fruits. The mode of reproduction is viviparous. The gestation period is 256 days. Lifespan is approximately 40 – 50 years.

Are there any natural enemies?

Its natural enemy is the leopard. Others include humans.

Are gorillas an endangered species?

Gorillas are listed as an endangered species. All of this is caused by humans, and habitat destruction is the biggest problem, and the number of individuals that can survive is rapidly decreasing due to the reduction of forest areas.

Can gorillas be kept?

Gorillas are designated as an endangered species, listed in the Washington Convention, and international trade is restricted, making it extremely difficult for the general public to keep them.


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