What kind of bird is a toucan? Explanation of characteristics, ecology, and habitat


What kind of bird is a toucan? We will explain its characteristics, ecology, and habitat. The most distinctive feature of this bird is its extremely large beak. They live in the tropical rainforests from the Caribbean Sea to the central and southern parts of South America, so I will explain their characteristics for your reference.

What is a toucan? About basic status

Toucans are birds of the order Woodpeckers. The scientific name is Ramphastidae. It is a small bird with a total length of 30–60 cm and a weight of about 300–500 g. In kanji, it is written as “big beak.”

scientific name(学名)Ramphastidae
classification(分類)Ave、 Piciformes、 Ramphastidae
Weight(体重)300 – 500kg

About classification

Toucans are classified in the Toucanidae family. The following variants exist: There are so many subspecies. The infraorder Toucan was traditionally divided into Toucanidae and Barbetidae. There is a theory that the family Barbetidae and the family Barbetidae are not separate families, but are included in the family Toucanidae. The following is a quote from Wikipedia.

  • Aulacorhynchus ミドリチュウハシ属
  • Aulacorhynchus wagleri, Wagler’s Toucanet (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus prasinus, Emerald Toucanet, キバシミドリチュウハシ
  • Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis, Blue‐throated Toucanet (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus cognatus, Violet‐throated Toucanet (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus lautus, Santa Marta Toucanet (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus griseigularis, Grey‐throated Toucanet (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus albivitta, White‐throated Toucanet, ミナミキバシミドリチュウハシ (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus atrogularis, Black‐throated Toucanet (P. prasinus から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus sulcatus, Groove‐billed Toucanet, ミネアカミドリチュウハシ
  • Aulacorhynchus calorhynchus, Yellow‐billed Toucanet (↑から分離)
  • Aulacorhynchus derbianus, Chestnut‐tipped Toucanet, クロアカミドリチュウハシ
  • Aulacorhynchus whitelianus, Tepui toucanet, テプイミドリチュウハシ (A. derbianus から分離) LC IUCN
  • Aulacorhynchus haematopygus, Crimson‐rumped Toucanet, コシアカミドリチュウハシ
  • Aulacorhynchus huallagae, Yellow‐browed Toucanet, キマユミドリチュウハシ
  • Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis, Blue‐banded Toucanet, アオオビミドリチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus チュウハシ属
  • Pteroglossus viridis, Green Aracari, キムネチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus inscriptus, Lettered Aracari, スジキムネチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus bitorquatus, Red‐necked Aracari, アオハシチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus azara, Ivory‐billed Aracari, ハシジロチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus mariae, Brown‐mandibled Aracari, チャハシチュウハシ (↑から分離)
  • Pteroglossus aracari, Black‐necked Aracari, アカオビチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus castanotis, Chestnut‐eared Aracari, チャミミチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus pluricinctus, Many‐banded Aracari, フタオビチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus torquatus, Collared Aracari, ムナフチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus sanguineus, Stripe‐billed Aracari, ホシハシムナフチュウハシ (P. torquatus から分離)
  • Pteroglossus erythropygius, Pale‐mandibled Aracari, ハイハシムナフチュウハシ (P. torquatus から分離)
  • Pteroglossus frantzii, Fiery‐billed Aracari, アカハシムナフチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus beauharnaisii, Curl‐crested Aracari, ニジチュウハシ
  • Pteroglossus bailloni, Saffron Toucanet, オウゴンチュウハシ (Baillonius bailloni)
  • Selenidera コチュウハシ属
  • Selenidera spectabilis, Yellow‐eared Toucanet, アオハシコチュウハシ
  • Selenidera piperivora, Guianan Toucanet, ニショクコチュウハシ
  • Selenidera reinwardtii, Golden‐collared Toucanet, アカハシコチュウハシ
  • Selenidera nattereri, Tawny‐tufted Toucanet, サンショクコチュウハシ
  • Selenidera gouldii, Gould’s Toucanet, クロフイリコチュウハシ
  • Selenidera maculirostris, Spot‐billed Toucanet, フイリコチュウハシ
  • Andigena ヤマオオハシ属
  • Andigena hypoglauca, Grey‐breasted Mountain Toucan, サンショクヤマオオハシ
  • Andigena laminirostris, Plate‐billed Mountain Toucan, イタハシヤマオオハシ
  • Andigena cucullata, Hooded Mountain Toucan, キバシヤマオオハシ
  • Andigena nigrirostris, Black‐billed Mountain Toucan, ハシグロヤマオオハシ
  • Ramphastos オオハシ属
  • Ramphastos dicolorus, Green‐billed Toucan, アオハシヒムネオオハシ
  • Ramphastos vitellinus, Channel‐billed Toucan, ヒムネオオハシ (R. culminatus を含む)
  • Ramphastos citreolaemus, Citron‐throated Toucan, キノドオオハシ (↑から分離)
  • Ramphastos brevis, Choco Toucan, チョコキムネオオハシ
  • Ramphastos sulfuratus, Keel‐billed Toucan, サンショクキムネオオハシ
  • Ramphastos toco, Toco Toucan, オニオオハシ
  • Ramphastos tucanus, White‐throated Toucan, シロムネオオハシ (R. cuvieri を含む)
  • Ramphastos swainsonii, Chestnut‐mandibled Toucan, クリハシオオハシ (↓から分離)
  • Ramphastos ambiguus, Black‐mandibled Toucan, ニショクキムネオオハシ

Source Wikipedia

Where will the habitat be?

Toucan birds live throughout Central and South America. Their habitat is extremely wide, including Mexico, Argentina, Belize, Peru, Bolivia, Guiana, Brazil, Panama, and Nicaragua.

feature is? What kind of creature is it?

The toucan’s name comes from its large beak, which is its most distinctive feature. There is also a small species called chuuhashi (small beak). The reason for the enlarged beak is unknown. One theory is that they were made larger to make it easier to pick the fruits at the tips of the branches. They can release heat from their bodies through the tiny blood vessels in their beaks. Most species live in tropical rainforests.

What is your personality like?

Toucans are very attached to people. However, some subspecies are more wary, so there are considerable individual differences. Although they are friendly towards their families, they may feel very stressed. It also has the ability to communicate with people and can be played with in a variety of ways.

What is the ecology like?

Toucans may live alone or in groups of several birds. They build nests in holes in banks and lay eggs in the spring. Their diet is omnivorous, with a diet that leans toward herbivores, subsisting on fruits, nuts, insects, and small reptiles. Toucans are long-lived birds in the wild, and can actually live for over 50 years, with considerable variation depending on the subspecies.

Are there any natural enemies?

Toucans basically have few natural enemies. Natural enemies include monkeys.

Is the toucan an endangered species?

Overall, toucans have a very stable population and are unlikely to go extinct. However, some of the subspecies are already listed as endangered species, as the loss of forest areas due to habitat destruction by humans has created a considerable problem.

Can you keep toucans?

Toucans are actually one of the few birds that can be kept in captivity. Please pay attention to the following points when raising your pet. The big key is whether you can secure a veterinarian. They are also very long-lived birds, so please take good care of them.

How much will it cost?

There are very few pet stores that carry toucans. Therefore, it becomes very expensive. There is information that it costs about 500,000 yen to 1 million yen in Japanese yen. It will be a considerable expense. If you don’t like that, you have no choice but to ask a zoo to give it to you.

What do you eat?

The foods given at the zoo include melons, tomatoes, apples, bananas, papaya, grapes, and pellets. Toucans tend to accumulate iron in their bodies, so special pellets are recommended. My favorite food is tropical fruits, so I also enjoy eating mangoes and papayas.

need a cage

The toucan is a bird that requires a large area because it has a large amount of exercise and a large area of activity. They live in trees and rarely come down to the ground during their lifetime, so a perch and a large cage are essential. Also, try to exercise moderately in your daily life. Stress can also lead to illness.


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